The youngest mother in the world in recorded history was Lina Medina, a Peruvian girl who gave birth at the astonishing age of 5 years and 7 months in 1939. This remarkable and medically perplexing case remains one of the most extraordinary instances of extremely early motherhood. Lina's pregnancy was discovered when her parents took her to the hospital, believing she had a tumour. She gave birth via Caesarean section to a healthy baby boy. While cases like this are exceptionally rare and often raise concerns about child exploitation and abuse, Lina's situation has been well-documented and studied by medical professionals to better understand the complexities of such occurrences.